Top 5 Programming Language to learn in 2021

Top 5 Programming Language to learn in 2021

Top 5 Programming Language to learn in 2021

A common question amongst beginners (and coders alike) is the programming language they should invest in learning, that is in demand, stable Future, and plenty of jobs.

Each programming language has its own scope and is designed for a specific purpose and has its relative merits and demerits. Also, the answer to the most useful programming language to learn is subjective and depends on your familiarity with coding.

  1. Job Opportunities
  2. Purpose [ML, AI, Mobile App, Web]
  3. Your Career / Life Goals.

As you begin your journey as a software developer, you’ll start to discover which programming language will be most suitable for you, your interests, and your career goals.

Before going with a programming language first you need to understand your desired path and goal. The below infographic will give a clear understanding of different programming language and their respective goal.

Here are the Top 5 Programming languages of 2021 according to different index and their Popularity among the large Developer community.

1. JavaScript

JavaScript earlier known as LiveScript when it first shipped in with Netscape Navigator 2.0 in September 1995. Later, it was renamed as a JavaScript.

It is one of the best programming languages to learn which can work smoothly with other languages and can be used in a huge variety of applications.

It’s impossible to be a software developer these days without using JavaScript in some way. According to Stack Overflow’s 2020 Developer Survey, Nearly 70 percent of survey respondents reported that they had used JavaScript in the past year. Meanwhile, some of the renowned companies in the tech world that are using JavaScript are Facebook, Google, Microsoft, Uber, etc.

Although JavaScript is primarily a front-end language run on the browser, it can also be used on the server-side through Node.js to build scalable network applications. Node.js is compatible with Linux, SunOS, Mac OS X, and Windows.

As there are millions of websites already existing over the web that are heavily relying on JavaScript, looking at the demand & dominance of this language, it won’t be wrong to say that JavaScript will rule in 2021 as well.

2. Python

Python language developed by Guido van Rossum. It was first released in 1991.

Python is perhaps the most user-friendly programming language of any on this list. Python is one of the most commonly used programming languages today and is easy for beginners to learn because of its readability. It is a free, open-source programming language with extensive support modules and community development

As per the RedMonk Ranking report for the year 2020, Python outranks JAVA to become the second most popular programming language. The language has experienced tremendous growth of around 18-19% in the last 5 years.

Python also has packages such as NumPy and SciPy that are commonly used in the fields of scientific computing, mathematics, and engineering. Other Python libraries such as TensorFlow, PyTorch, sci-kit learn, and OpenCV are used to build programs in data science, machine learning, image processing, and computer vision. So if you are still confused to choose your first programming language we will suggest you that you can simply go with Python without any second doubt.

3. C / C++

C++ is a programming language that was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1983. Both C and C++ are occupying a considerable portion of the tech world. TIOBE index of 2020, C and C++ are ranking under the top 5 programming languages at first and fourth position respectively. There are numerous big tech companies that hire C/C++ developers with some decent salary packages such as Adobe, Oracle, Microsoft, Nvidia, etc.

Other programming languages like C# and Java have a very similar syntax to C / C++, make it easy to learn for everyone who knows C / C++. It is one of the popular coding languages which has no garbage collector running in the background.

It is best suited for applications on Windows, Android, and iOS, as it takes the help of the integrated development environment product, Microsoft Visual C++. C# is used on the back end of several popular websites.

4. JAVA

James Gosling primarily designed Java at Sun Microsystems in the year 1996. Owned by Oracle Corporation, this general-purpose programming language with its object-oriented programming. As per the RedMonk reports, JAVA is ranking at 3rd position below JavaScript and Python only. Python is overtaking it and generally declining in popularity, but Java is certainly not dead. There are thousands of jobs for Java Backend Developer and demand remains high, making it a reliable choice.

Java is widely used in web and application development as well as big data. New Java frameworks like Spring, Struts, and Hibernate are also very popular. While choosing Java You’ll be able to access/manipulate the most important computer functions, like the file system, graphics, and sound for any fairly sophisticated and modern program that can run on any operating system. Java offers APIs for different activities like Database connection, networking, XML parsing, utilities, etc.

5. R

R was designed by Robert Gentleman and Ross Ihaka at the University of Auckland. This project was conceived in 1992, but its initial version released in 1995 and a stable beta version in 2000.

R is one of the best programming languages to learn which is a comprehensive statistical analysis language that encourages you to develop new ideas. R has seen an exponential rise in its ranking on various reputed indexes for programming languages. Particularly on TIOBE ranking, it has jumped to 9th position from 16th position within a span of less than 1 year. learning the R programming language is surely worthwhile for your future career endeavors.

R is good for GNU/Linux and Microsoft Windows and is one of the most useful programming languages which is cross-platform and run on different operating systems. R is open-source software. Therefore, anyone can use and change it.

R is easier if you already know Javascript or Python, but it’s recommended for people with a firm grasp of mathematics.  Some of the other features of this particular language such as highly extensible, strong graphical capabilities, distributed computing, etc which make it famous among the large community of developers.

Want to know what is IDE and which is best for beginner to Code See this Article Top 5 Best IDE of 2021

Final Words.

If you are still confused and don’t figure out which programming language to learn first you can simply go with Python because it is a beginner friendly and once you become friendly with it you can jump out to any other programming language easily.

Dheeraj Bhandari

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